Although it seems impossible, it is not. Within a few meters, with some basics and enthusiasm you can grow your own aromatic and why not, some other vegetable.
How to build small garden in home?
Let us see what are the key factors to start a small garden at home
The choice of substrate is vital. The best are those that allow light easy handling and do not add weight (this is very important if the garden will be armed on a terrace or a balcony). Must have adequate porosity to allow good ventilation (which encourages root respiration) and water retention (to create a reserve in the substrate).
Just increasingly growing cycle plant and removed, it is desirable to remove the substrate to prevent caking and improve the porosity.
If the idea is growing on the balcony, the substrate consists of a layer of 3cm Leca in the background, the rest will be a mix of 1/3 coir or peat, 1/3 worm castings, 1/3 vermiculite . It is important to add a slow release granular fertilizer.
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What are the species that you can grow?
It is important to assess the availability of light at different times of the year and see what kind of culture can be performed. Planting the seed can do in order to protect the plant in its early stage of development or in its final position, as in the case of vegetables that do not support either the transplant. Planting seedlings protects the plant and allows maximize space orchard, making the selection of plants grown in the nursery and taking them to the final container when they are already somewhat developed. The most common species are:
Basil: There are more than 40 species, the most common is the sweet. It should be planted in early spring with seeds or rooted cuttings in furrows. No cold tolerant; for irrigation should wet the substrate moderately. It can reach a height of five feet.
Oregano: Needs sun and too much water can rot the root. Ideally prune it 3 or 4 times a year, producing leaves and flowers for 5 years.
Parsley: It reproduces with seeds planted at a spacing of 15 cm. Germination is done in about a month. It is important to avoid the midday sun. Harvested until late summer cutting small bunches. What is going collecting is beneficial to the plant, which is renewed quickly.
Romero: The ideal is to grow in a large pot and place in sun. Watering should not be abundant, making sure you have good drainage. Requires sun, heat and air. To grow thicker stems dawn must also serve to control their growth in height (can reach 2 meters).
Chives: I agreed in February or March planting in full sun and at a distance of 20cm beginning rooted seedlings. Very tolerant and frost takes 2 or 3 months to abundant foliage. To use it is cut into its 2/3 part, then 2 years is appropriate replanting. In the rainy season there and that watering in dry times must be done sparingly because excessive moisture will produce mushrooms.
Peppermint: The best container is the type width with a 20cm depth is sufficient. Its cultivation should be in a sunny location, light and requires no soil to puddle with continuous irrigation in hot weather. It is advisable to start with seedlings rooted. This plant tends to grow well, easily solved by cutting the sprigs with pruning shears and leaving the size we like.
If we have more space, we can grow:
Radicheta: The seed germinates in 10 days, must be planted at a distance of 15cm. Planting takes place from late spring-flowering to avoid prematurely and until the leaves retain their green color. It should be pruned when they are old and abundant watering during the summer.
Lettuce: Grown in the 4 seasons; can be done in pots 20cm deep with a 30cm distance between plants that can go leaf by leaf cutting or nearly flat. The plant will renew their growth every 90-120 days, depending on the variety.
Morrones : Begin planting seeds at the beginning of the spring at a distance of 40cm. Requires abundant irrigation. Reaches 75cm in height with the help of guides with reeds. Require minimum temperature of 21 ° C for development. The fruit begins to harvest 130 days after planting, cutting the fruit with about 2 or 3cm stem.
Spinach: It can be grown throughout the year. You must leave a space of 20cm between plants. While his favorite season is winter, cool sites and supports not affected too cold. The collection starts from 40 days after sowing and can be done in stages, cutting large leaves, leaving small to harvest later.
Cherry Tomatoes: They need a pot at least 40cm deep. It is convenient to start with seedlings rooted cultivation in spring and summer in full sun and accompanying growth of reeds. The higher grow more flowers and fruits will.